24 Stages of Water Purification Diagram

Water purification is a process that removes contaminants from water in order to make it safe for human consumption. The 24 stages of water purification diagram below outlines the different steps involved in this process, from the source of the water to the final product.

If you’re interested in learning about the different stages of water purification, you’ve come to the right place. In this blog post, we’ll take a look at a diagram that outlines the 24 steps of water purification. By the end, you should have a good understanding of how your drinking water goes from dirty to clean!

1. Raw water is pumped from a freshwater source (like a river or lake) into a treatment plant. 2. The raw water is screened to remove large debris like sticks and leaves. 3. The water then flows through pretreatment processes like aeration and flocculation.

During these processes, chemicals are added to help remove smaller particles from the water. 4. Next, the water enters one or more filters where even smaller particles are removed. Common filter types include sand filters and activated carbon filters.

5. Once filtered, the water undergoes disinfection using chlorine or ultraviolet light to kill any remaining bacteria and viruses present in the water supply.

Water Purification System In Water Works Diagram || Water Treatment Process

What are the Stages of Purification of Water?

There are four main stages in the purification of water: 1. Pre-treatment 2. Primary treatment

3. Secondary treatment 4. Tertiary treatment Pre-treatment is the first stage in the purification process and involves removing large objects from the water, such as sticks, leaves and rubbish.

This is typically done using a screen or grate. Primary treatment is the second stage of water purification and involves removing smaller particles from the water, such as suspended solids and organic matter. This is done using sedimentation tanks or clarifiers.

Sedimentation tanks allow larger particles to settle to the bottom of the tank, where they can then be removed. Clarifiers work by causing smaller particles to clump together so that they can be more easily removed from the water. Secondary treatment is designed to remove bacteria and other microorganisms from the water.

This stage of treatment usually employs some form of filtration, such as sand filters, activated carbon filters or ultraviolet light disinfection. Sand filters work by allowing water to pass through a bed of sand, which traps bacteria and other microorganisms inside the sand grains. Activated carbon filters work by adsorbing (binding) bacteria and other contaminants onto their surface.

Ultraviolet light disinfection works by exposing bacteria to ultraviolet light, which kills them off. Tertiary treatment is sometimes used in addition to secondary treatment and involves further filtering of the water using methods such as reverse osmosis or nanofiltration . These methods can remove dissolved minerals , chemicals and pathogens from water , making it suitable for drinking .

What is the First Stage of Water Purification?

Water purification is the process of removing impurities from water in order to make it suitable for drinking. The first stage of water purification is typically filtration, which involves passing water through a filter to remove large particles such as dirt, sand, and other sediments. The second stage is usually disinfection, which involves using chemicals or ultraviolet light to kill harmful bacteria and viruses.

What is Water Purification Explain With Diagram?

Water purification is the process of removing impurities from water. The most common method of water purification is distillation, which involves boiling the water and then condensing the steam back into water. Other methods include filtration, reverse osmosis, and ultraviolet light treatment.

Water purification is necessary in order to make water safe to drink. Impurities in water can include bacteria, viruses, minerals, and chemicals. These impurities can cause serious health problems if ingested.

Distillation is the most effective way to remove all types of impurities from water. During distillation, water is boiled and the resulting steam is condensed back into liquid form. This process removes not only bacteria and viruses, but also minerals and chemicals.

Filtration is another common method of water purification. Filtration works by passing water through a filter that traps impurities and allows clean water to pass through. The most common type of filter used for filtration is a activated carbon filter, which can remove a wide range of impurities including chlorine, lead, mercury, and iron.

Reverse osmosis is a third option for purifying water. Reverse osmosis works by forcing water through a semi-permeable membrane that only allows clean water molecules to pass through while trapping impurities on the other side. This process requires high pressure to force the dirty water molecules through the membrane making it less energy efficient than other methods like distillation or filtration.

. Ultraviolet light treatment is a fourth option for treating contaminated drinkingwater .

What are the 4 Main Processes Involved in Water Purification?

Water purification is a process that removes contaminants from water in order to make it safe to drink. The four main processes involved in water purification are: coagulation, sedimentation, filtration and disinfection. Coagulation is the first step in water purification.

It involves adding chemicals, such as alum or polymers, to the water. These chemicals cause the particles in the water to clump together, making them larger and easier to remove. Sedimentation is the next step in water purification.

This is when the large clumps of particles formed in coagulation settle at the bottom of a tank, leaving behind cleaner water. Filtration is the third step in water purification. This is when the clean water from sedimentation passes through a filter, which removes any remaining particles.

Disinfection is the final step in water purification. This is when chlorine or another disinfectant is added to kill any harmful bacteria that may be present in the water.

24 Stages of Water Purification Diagram

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32 Stages of Water Purification Process

Water is a vital resource for all of us. It is essential for our survival and well-being. Unfortunately, water can also be a source of contamination and disease.

This is why it is important to purify water before using it. There are many different methods of water purification, but they can broadly be divided into two categories: physical methods and chemical methods. Physical methods of water purification include things like filtration and distillation.

These processes remove contaminants from the water by physically trapping them or evaporating them away. Chemical methods of water purification use chemicals to kill or remove contaminants from the water. Common chemicals used in water purification include chlorine, iodine, and ultraviolet light.

The most effective way to purify water is to use a combination of both physical and chemical methods. This ensures that the maximum number of contaminants are removed from the water, making it safe to drink. The following is a detailed list of the 32 stages of water purification:

1) Screening: This stage removes large objects such as sticks, leaves, and trash from the water. This helps to protect the other stages of treatment from damage and clogging. 2) Coagulation: In this stage, chemicals are added to the water which cause small particles to stick together (coagulate).

This makes it easier for these particles to be removed in the next stage (flocculation). 3) Flocculation: In this stage, more chemicals are added which cause the clumped-together particles (from coagulation) to form larger clumps called flocs. 4) Sedimentation: The flocs settle to the bottom of sedimentation basins where they are removed from the treated Water.

. 5) Filtration: The Water passes through filters made Of sand , gravel , And charcoal To remove remaining Particles . 6) Disinfection : A final disinfectant Is added To kill Any remaining harmful bacteria . 7 – 32 ) Additional Treatment Stages : Some waters may require additional treatment steps such As aeration Or reverse Osmosis Before They Are safe To drink .


Water is an essential part of our lives and purifying it is crucial to maintaining good health. The process of water purification can be divided into 24 stages, each with its own importance. The first stage begins with drawing water from a source, such as a river or lake.

This water then goes through a series of filters to remove large particles, like dirt and sand. The next few stages involve adding chemicals to the water to kill bacteria and other microorganisms. Chlorine is often used for this purpose.

After the water has been treated with chemicals, it must be filtered again to remove any remaining impurities. Finally, the water is ready for human consumption.