Chlorination is a process of adding chlorine to water in order to kill bacteria and other microorganisms. While chlorination is an effective way to disinfect water, there are some disadvantages associated with this water treatment method. One disadvantage of chlorination is that it can create harmful byproducts, such as trihalomethanes (THMs).
THMs are formed when chlorine reacts with organic matter in the water and have been linked to cancer and other health problems. Additionally, chlorination can also be corrosive to pipes and fixtures, which can lead to leaching of lead and copper into the water supply.
Chlorination is a common water treatment method, but it has some disadvantages. One of the biggest disadvantages is that chlorinated water can be harmful to people with certain medical conditions, such as asthma or allergies. Additionally, chlorination can create byproducts that are themselves harmful to human health.
Finally, chlorinated water often has an unpleasant taste and smell.
Chlorine in drinking water
How to Do Chlorination of Water
Chlorination is a process of adding chlorine to water in order to kill bacteria and other microorganisms. Chlorine is a highly effective disinfectant, and chlorination is one of the most common methods of disinfecting water supplies. Chlorination is typically performed in large treatment plants that supply drinking water to cities and towns.
However, chlorination can also be done on a smaller scale, such as when treating swimming pool water or wells. There are two main types of chlorination: gas chlorination and liquid chlorination. Gas chlorination involves bubbling chlorine gas through the water.
This process is very effective at killing bacteria, but it can also create hazardous byproducts, such as trihalomethanes (THMs). THMs are linked to cancer, so gas chlorination is not typically used to treat drinking water. Liquid chlorination involves adding chlorine in the form of a chemical compound, such as sodium hypochlorite or calcium hypochlorite.
Liquid chlorinators are less likely than gas chlorinators to create THMs. However, they can still produce harmful byproducts if the chemicals used are not of high quality or if the dosage is too high. It’s important to use a reputable source for your liquid chlorine and follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully.
Whether you’re using gas or liquid chlorine, the process of adding chlorine to water is essentially the same. The amount of time that the chlorine needs to contact the water (or “contact time”) will vary depending on the type of bacteria present and the temperature of the water. In general, colder water requires longer contact times than warmer water.
In order to effectively disinfect your water supply usingchlorination , you will need to determine the appropriate contact time for your specific situation . This information can be found in guidance documents provided by public health organizations , such as the U . S .
Environmental Protection Agency ( EPA ) . Once you have determined how long the chlorine should remain in contact with your particular body of wat er – whether it’s 2 minutes for clear well wat er at 68 degrees Fahrenheit or 8 hours for cloudy surface wat er at 77 degrees Fahrenheit – you will need t o calculate the appropriate dose .
What is the Disadvantage And Advantage of Chlorine?
Chlorine is a gas at room temperature and pressure. It has a greenish-yellow color and an unpleasant odor. Chlorine is used in industry and in swimming pools to kill bacteria.
The main disadvantage of chlorine is that it is a strong oxidizing agent. This means that it can react with other chemicals, potentially causing fires or explosions. Chlorine also reacts with organic matter, such as skin and hair, causing irritation.
Another downside to chlorine is that it can be harmful to the environment if released into the air or water. When chlorine reacts with water, it forms toxic compounds called chloramines. These can be harmful to fish, plants, and animals.
What are the Disadvantages of Excess Chlorine in Water?
Chlorine is a chemical element with the symbol Cl and atomic number 17. A yellow-green gas at room temperature, chlorine is a strong oxidizing agent and reacts with almost all other elements. Its properties are thus similar to fluorine, bromine, and iodine, and are largely intermediate between those of the first two.
The most common compound of chlorine, sodium chloride (common salt), has been known since ancient times. Around 1630, chlorine was recognized as an important chemical element by the Swiss chemist Jacques-Alexandre César Charles. Chlorine is produced commercially by electrolysis of sodium chloride:
2 NaCl + 2 H2O → Cl2 + H2 + 2 NaOH This process is called the chloralkali process and produces caustic soda (sodium hydroxide) as well as hydrogen gas which can be used in fuel cells. The production of large quantities of free chlorine began only after 1840 when Anthony Tilghman patented his process for making it from brine (concentrated salt water). While elemental chlorine is relatively rare in nature, chlorides are very common; they constitute nearly 60% of Earth’s crust in the form of potassium chloride (KCl), sodium chloride (NaCl), magnesium chloride MgCl2), calcium chloride CaCl2), etc.
What is the Two Disadvantage of Chlorine?
Chlorine is a highly reactive element and its compounds are corrosive. It readily forms oxides and chlorides with most metals. These properties make it useful for disinfection and bleaching, but they also present some disadvantages.
The first disadvantage of chlorine is that it is a strong oxidizing agent. This means that it can readily cause corrosion in metals, especially when present in high concentrations. The second disadvantage is that chlorine reacts violently with many organic compounds, leading to the formation of dangerous chlorinated hydrocarbons such as dioxins and furans.
What are the Negative Effects of Chlorine?
Chlorine is a naturally-occurring element that is found in water supplies all over the world. It is also used in many industrial and commercial applications. Chlorine has been proven to be an effective disinfectant against bacteria and viruses, which is why it is often used in swimming pools and hot tubs.
While chlorine is considered to be generally safe, there are some potential negative effects of chlorine exposure that you should be aware of. Chlorine can irritate the skin and eyes, causing redness and swelling. In severe cases, it can lead to chemical burns.
People with asthma or other respiratory conditions may find that their symptoms are exacerbated by chlorine fumes. Exposure to high levels of chlorine can also damage the lungs and cause difficulty breathing. Inhaling large amounts of chlorine gas can even be fatal.
There have also been concerns raised about the long-term effects of drinking water that contains small amounts of chlorine on a regular basis. Some studies have linked chlorinated water to an increased risk for certain types of cancer, including bladder cancer and rectal cancer. More research needs to be done in this area to confirm these findings.
If you are concerned about the potential negative effects of chlorine exposure, there are steps you can take to minimize your risk. When swimming in chlorinated water, wear goggles or swim with your head above water to avoid getting chemicals in your eyes or inhaling too much fumes.
Chlorination is a process of adding chlorine to water in order to disinfect it and kill any harmful bacteria or microorganisms. While this process is effective in making water safe to drink, there are some disadvantages associated with it.
One of the main disadvantages of chlorination is that it can create harmful byproducts, known as trihalomethanes (THMs), which have been linked to cancer and other health problems.
Additionally, chlorination can also strip away healthy minerals from water, making it less nutritious. Finally, some people simply don’t like the taste or smell of chlorine in their water.